Breast Cancer in Men: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatments

What is Breast Cancer in Men? (Image Source: Shutterstock)

What Is Breast Cancer in Men?

Breast Cancer Does Not Discriminate Against Men | The Doctors

Which Men Are Likely to Get Breast Cancer?

Anyone Can Get Breast Cancer (Image Source: Shutterstock)
  • Genetic mutations: Certain genes like BRCA1 and BRCA2 increase your breast cancer risk. A mutation of these genes is what increases your risk of prostate and pancreatic cancer as well.
  • History of breast cancer in the family: If a close family member has had breast cancer, your chances of getting it increases. If you have a family history of breast cancer, regular breast screenings can help detect it early.
  • Exposure to radiation therapy: Men who have a history of radiation exposure to the chest are at a higher risk of getting breast cancer.
  • Enlarged breasts due to hormone treatments: Some hormone treatments and drugs can lead to enlarged breasts. This increases your risk of breast cancer.
  • Estrogen exposure: Your breast cancer risk increases if you take estrogen-related drugs, like those used for prostate cancer treatment.
  • Rare genetic conditions: Klinefelter syndrome is a rare genetic condition where a man has an extra X chromosome copy. This causes the body to produce more estrogen and less androgen.
  • Liver diseases: Severe liver diseases like cirrhosis can lower androgen levels and raise estrogen levels. When that happens, you become more prone to breast cancer.
  • Testicular diseases: Certain conditions of the testicles, like injuries, an undescended testicle, or mumps orchitis, increase your breast cancer risk.
  • Obesity: Men tend to gain weight as they get older. When that weight leans towards obesity, you are at a higher risk of getting breast cancer.

Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer in Men

Mayo Clinic Minute: Breast Cancer Strikes Men Too
  • Thickness, swelling, or a painless lump in the breast
  • Changes in the skin over the breast such as redness, puckering, dimpling, and flaky or scaly skin
  • Nipple changes like redness or scaling
  • Discharge from the nipple
  • Changes in the positioning of the nipple, such as a nipple that turns inward
  • Pain or irritation in the nipple area

Male Breast Cancer Diagnosis: Early Detection Saves Lives

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